Age, Biography and Wiki
Perle Fine was born on 1905 in Boston, Massachusetts. Discover Perle Fine's Biography, Age, Height, Physical Stats, Dating/Affairs, Family and career updates. Learn How rich is She in this year and how She spends money? Also learn how She earned most of networth at the age of 83 years old?
|Age||83 years old|
|Date of death||1988 - East Hampton, New York East Hampton, New York|
We recommend you to check the complete list of Famous People born on 1905. She is a member of famous with the age 83 years old group.
Perle Fine Height, Weight & Measurements
At 83 years old, Perle Fine height not available right now. We will update Perle Fine's Height, weight, Body Measurements, Eye Color, Hair Color, Shoe & Dress size soon as possible.
|Body Measurements||Not Available|
|Eye Color||Not Available|
|Hair Color||Not Available|
Dating & Relationship status
She is currently single. She is not dating anyone. We don't have much information about She's past relationship and any previous engaged. According to our Database, She has no children.
Perle Fine Net Worth
Her net worth has been growing significantly in 2022-2023. So, how much is Perle Fine worth at the age of 83 years old? Perle Fine’s income source is mostly from being a successful . She is from Massachusetts. We have estimated Perle Fine's net worth , money, salary, income, and assets.
|Net Worth in 2023||$1 Million - $5 Million|
|Salary in 2023||Under Review|
|Net Worth in 2022||Pending|
|Salary in 2022||Under Review|
|Source of Income|
Perle Fine Social Network
More recently, her work is being given renewed attention, including the 2016 exhibition Women of Abstract Expression at the Denver Art Museum; Women of Abstract Expressionism from the 9th Street Show at the Katonah Museum of Art; and Artistic License: Six Takes on the Guggenheim Collection.
After several years' struggle with Alzheimer's disease, Fine died of pneumonia on May 31, 1988, at the age of 83 in East Hampton, New York.
In 1965, she developed a severe case of mononucleosis. Around this time, she took up making wood collages, employing curvilinear forms. Fine went on to win an award at the annual Guild Hall Artist Members' Exhibition in 1978.
The Accordment series was the culmination of all Fine's previous styles. The series' name means "agreement" or "acceptance", and its works have a distinct connection with Minimalism. In her article "The Tranquil Power of Perle Fine's Art", Kathleen Housley says of Fine's work of this period: “Close in age and in temperament, Fine and Agnes Martin shared many similarities, one being that their art was routinely described by critics as 'atmospheric and classic'." Martin and Fine appeared together in a group show at the Whitney Museum in 1962 entitles Geometric Abstraction in America. Fine's style is set apart by her minimalist tendencies, using colorful line work, planes of color, and distinct sweeping brushstrokes.
Fine's work on this series overlapped with her tenure at Hofstra University, which lasted from 1962 to 1973. In 1978, toward the end of this period of her career, she was honored with an exhibition at Guild Hall Museum in East Hampton which emphasized work from this series. Curator David Dietcher described her Accordment series saying “bands of color produce luminosity that seems to emanate from within the grid itself”.
Her Cool series of 1961-1963 represented a break away from the Abstract Expressionist works of her earlier years. She stated that the paintings were a “growth” rather than a “departure”, developing from “a need within the painting to express more.”
The 1960s marked her re-entry into a profoundly changed New York art scene, in which she encountered more galleries and new art styles. "Fine had 4 solo shows at the Graham Gallery (1961, 1963, 1964, 1967) with a major shift in her style, with a reintroduction of horizontals and verticals, announced Fine's intention to convey... 'an emotion about color'." Fine began to teach in 1961, as a visiting critic and lecturer at Cornell University. Soon after, Hofstra University approached her with an offer; she taught there privately from 1962 to 1973.
At a 1958 exhibition, her paintings offered "abstract intimations of nature... This perception was reinforced by Fine's inclusion in Nature in Abstraction: The Relation of Abstract Painting and Sculpture to Nature in Twentieth-Century American Art."
Fine was chosen by her fellow artists to participate in the Ninth Street Show held from May 21-June 10, 1951. The show was located at 60 East 9th Street on the first floor and in the basement of a building which was about to be demolished. According to Bruce Altshuler:
Starting with the Ninth Street Show, Fine participated in each of the invitational New York Painting and Sculpture Annuals from 1951 to 1957. She was one of just 24 out of a total 256 New York School artists who was included in all the Annuals. These Annuals were important because the participants were chosen by the artists themselves. Other women artists who took part in all the shows were Elaine de Kooning, Grace Hartigan, and Joan Mitchell.
In 1950 she was admitted to the 8th Street "Artists' Club", having been nominated by Willem de Kooning. "Beginning in the mid-1950s, Fine's expressionist style began to loosen. She produced thick, heavily painted abstractions using harsh, jagged strokes with a loaded brush. Her focus was the two-dimensional plane: surface, texture and medium. Fine's palette in these often large-scale pieces was one of much more somber tones."
In the 1950s, Fine moved to the Springs section of East Hampton on the eastern end of Long Island, where Jackson Pollock, Lee Krasner, Willem de Kooning, Conrad Marca-Relli, and other members of the New York School found permanent residence.
During the 1950s, Fine was inspired by the ideas of Hans Hofmann and the harmony and tension of combining color and shape. Fine was able to evolve using color as its own means of expression. Fine started playing with act of staining and contrasting levels of translucency along with the use of reduction and of positive and negative space. Her works of this period bear a similarity to those of Mark Rothko, of whom she was a close friend at the time. This series of her work was known for its breadth and openness, and for the subtle layering of colors and the way the materials interacted.
For her part, Fine did not ascribe as much significance to the role gender played in her relative success within the Abstract Expressionist movement, instead focusing more on the integrity of her paintings themselves. She always held that the important thing was the painting rather than her being a woman; any adversity she faced only pushed her to become the artist she would be. She battled with the canvas and solved problems in every piece. Her determination and talent were undeniable, and, as art historian Ann Eden Gibson has said, "by the early 1950s, Fine was right in the middle of Abstract Expressionism”.
In 1947, Fine was featured in an issue of The New Iconograph which showcased nonobjective art and theory. It was written that, even though she was a member of American Abstract Artists, her work was different in spirit than that of fellow-members Ralston Crawford and Robert Motherwell.
Despite the obstruction of gatekeepers like Kootz, Fine participated in many solo and group shows during the late 1940s. The success she had at these exhibitions gave every indication that Fine was on the verge of success in the art world. However, she never achieved the level of commercial success enjoyed by some of her male peers. "As the 1950s dawned... there was little competition among artists either male or female, it was only when the door began to crack open [i.e., when real money became involved] that the gender of the artist began to play a more prominent role." Deirdre Robson has described that period, saying "the arts were gradually thought of less in terms of being part of the 'female' realm and more as an interest suitable for a hardheaded and successful businessman."
During the 1940s, Cézanne's work had a significant effect on Fine's development as an artist. She took into consideration the way he developed an order from nature and took control of the canvas; this enabled her to form images in their own space on the canvas. As she became a more well-known artist, Fine's work embodied the characteristics of Abstract Expressionism. She allowed her knowledge of modern European masters to help inspire her style as she explored the depths of human emotion and energy. Fine described modern and abstract art as an ability to execute when facing problems. To Fine, color was very important as a way to express emotion. Some of her works were more saturated to show emotion, contrasting with the use of muted color in other work; this shows her interest in “different spatial and emotional qualities”.
Fine ran the East River Gallery on East 57th Street from 1936 to 1938, and opened her own gallery in 1940. In 1945, she had her first solo exhibit at the Willard Gallery on East 57th Street. In 1946, Fine accepted an offer to work for Karl Nienrendorf, whose gallery was across the street from the Willard Gallery; it was at this gallery that Fine received a subsidy that enabled her to paint full-time.
While in New York, she also studied at the Art Students League with Kimon Nicolades. In the late 1930s she began to study with Hans Hofmann in New York City as well as in Provincetown. In 1943 she received a grant from the Guggenheim Foundation and was able to participate in exhibitions at Peggy Guggenheim's Art of this Century Gallery and the Museum of Nonobjective Painting; these shows brought her significant press attention. In 1945, Fine joined American Abstract Artists, where she found community and support for her artistic ideas. "By the mid 1940s, Fine had work in the collections of Frank Lloyd Wright and Frank Crowninshield... her art was also owned by Alfred Barr, director of the Museum of Modern Art, and Emily Hall and Burton Tremaine, the modern art collectors from Connecticut." Emily Hall Tremaine would later commission Fine to create two interpretations of Piet Mondrian's unfinished painting Victory Boogie Woogie.
During a show at the Nienrendorf Gallery, art critic Edward Alden Jewell, who had previously dismissed abstraction when it first came out in the 1930s by calling it decorative and imitative of European avant-garde, praised Fine's "aplomb" and "native resourcefulness".
Perle Fine (born Poule Feine)(1905–1988) was an American Abstract expressionist painter. Fine's work was most known by its combination of fluid and brushy rendering of the materials and the use of biomorphic forms encased and intertwined with irregular geometric shapes.
One of six children, Fine was born in Boston, Massachusetts, in 1905, to parents who had recently immigrated from Russia. She became interested in art at a young age. "Starting almost immediately in grammar school at the time of the First World War... I did posters and started winning little prizes and getting encouragement that way. So that by the time I graduated from high school I knew very well I wanted to be an artist." Fine briefly went to the School of Practical Art in Boston, where she took classes in illustration and graphic design and learned to design newspaper advertisements. She paid for her studies by working in the school's bursar's office. Subsequently, she moved to New York City to pursue training in fine art and began attending the Grand Central School of Art. It was at the Grand Central School of Art where Fine met Maurice Berezov, whom she married in 1930.