Age, Biography and Wiki
Shang Yue was born on 1902 in Luoshan, Xinyang, Henan province, China, is a Teacher. Discover Shang Yue's Biography, Age, Height, Physical Stats, Dating/Affairs, Family and career updates. Learn How rich is He in this year and how He spends money? Also learn how He earned most of networth at the age of 80 years old?
|Age||80 years old|
|Birthplace||Luoshan, Xinyang, Henan province, China|
|Date of death||(1982-01-06) Beijing|
We recommend you to check the complete list of Famous People born on 1902. He is a member of famous Teacher with the age 80 years old group.
Shang Yue Height, Weight & Measurements
At 80 years old, Shang Yue height not available right now. We will update Shang Yue's Height, weight, Body Measurements, Eye Color, Hair Color, Shoe & Dress size soon as possible.
|Body Measurements||Not Available|
|Eye Color||Not Available|
|Hair Color||Not Available|
Dating & Relationship status
He is currently single. He is not dating anyone. We don't have much information about He's past relationship and any previous engaged. According to our Database, He has no children.
|Children||Shang Jialan (eldest daughter), a second daughter, Shang Xiaoyuan (a third daughter) and a son|
Shang Yue Net Worth
His net worth has been growing significantly in 2022-2023. So, how much is Shang Yue worth at the age of 80 years old? Shang Yue’s income source is mostly from being a successful Teacher. He is from China. We have estimated Shang Yue's net worth , money, salary, income, and assets.
|Net Worth in 2023||$1 Million - $5 Million|
|Salary in 2023||Under Review|
|Net Worth in 2022||Pending|
|Salary in 2022||Under Review|
|Source of Income||Teacher|
Shang Yue Social Network
The core argument of Shang Yue's idea on the sprouts of capitalism is that proto-capitalism existed under late Ming and early Qing China from the 16th to the 17th century, as evidenced from large quantities of factory products that entered metropolitan markets. He thought that large amount of factories implied the existence of proletarian and bourgeois classes, and of a commodity economy. For him, the existence of a bourgeois class was a prerequisite for the formation of the Chinese nation. He argued that the delayed development of Chinese capitalism was caused by both the Mongol and Manchu conquests of China.
Shang Yue (Chinese: 尚钺; pinyin: Shàng Yuè; Wade–Giles: Shang Yüeh; 1902 – January 6, 1982) was a Chinese Marxist economic historian, author and professor at the School of History at Renmin University of China. Before becoming a historian, he also wrote fiction. He taught literature to Kim Il-sung for a short time at Yuwen Middle School in Manchuria. In China, he is primarily known for his work on the idea of the sprouts of capitalism: that proto-capitalism and class struggle had existed in the earlier Chinese history. His purge in 1958 foreshadowed the Chinese Cultural Revolution as his ideas on Chinese economic history conflicted with those of Mao Zedong. After his purge he continued to work on history, but stayed out of public until Mao's death in 1976. His work also gave a lasting effect in Korean nationalist historiography.
However, Mao Zedong argued that China would have developed into a Capitalist society even without foreign imperialist influence. Mao claimed that bourgeois and proletarian classes did not exist before the imperialist powers started to affect China after the Opium war. Mao thought that for China, imperialism was even worse a threat than the bourgeois class. Liu Danian [zh] complained that Shang Yue's theory glorified opium trade as a progressive force, and degraded Qing government and its subjects for active resistance. Shang was forced to admit in early 1958 that he had produced revisionist historiography, and was purged later that year. Jungmin Seo argues that reactions to Shang's theory show Chinese historians' fear that greater emphasis on internal proto-capitalism might divert too much attention from foreign capitalism's influence that transformed China into a semi-colonial or semi-feudal status.
Shang Yue's theory of capitalism in China gained wide support until at least the Anti-rightist campaign of 1957. Shang's theory contradicted Mao Zedong's idea that indigenous capitalism in China did not exist before, but that it could have eventually developed on its own in China. Shang was purged in 1958. However, even in the early 1960s, an officially approved work by historian Jian Bozan reiterated Shang's arguments. Shang's influence finally waned during the Cultural Revolution, during which he suffered. He continued to write about history but remained out of public until Mao's death in 1976.
Until 1939, Shang worked as an editor at a number of radical periodicals. Shang Yue became a professor of Renmin University after 1949. He was one of the historians in Mainland China who contributed to the idea of the sprouts of capitalism, describing features of the economies of the late Ming and early Qing dynasties. His work was published in two volumes named Essays on the Debate on the Sprouts of Capitalism in China. His Outline of Chinese History (1954) became a widely used textbook.
Shang enrolled in the English faculty of the Peking University in 1921 and left the institution in 1926 without graduating. In 1928, Shang worked at private Yuwen Middle School as a teacher of literature and Chinese. There he taught literature and aesthetics to the future North Korean leader Kim Il-sung for six months in 1928. At the time, Shang was a member of the Chinese Communist Party's Manchurian branch. Kim credits Shang with having influenced him in his autobiography, With the Century. Kim reminisces Shang introducing him to both Chinese classics, such as Dream of the Red Chamber, and contemporary literature of Lu Xun and Chen Duxiu, as well as Russian literature, including Gorky's The Mother and Enemies. Shang reinforced Kim's views on peasant nationalism, possibly reflecting a shift of policy in the Chinese Communist Party following the second Chinese revolution (1925–1927). Shang also encouraged Kim to become a proletarian writer, always stressing the social mission of literature. Shang's influence can be seen in the political dramas Kim would author in the 1930s, such as Sea of Blood. Shang lost contact with Kim after he was arrested by the Nationalist Chinese. Shang's daughter later attested that her father had thought of Kim as "diligent, putting good questions both inside and outside the class."
Chinese economic reform after Mao's death initially renewed the theory of sprouts of capitalism. However, the sprouts of capitalism is currently regarded in Chinese historiography to not have been a distinctive phase of economic development. Both North and South Korean nationalist historians adopted and advanced the theory of sprouts (MR: maenga) of capitalism to downplay Japanese influence on the origins of Korean industrialization. They claimed that industrial development had been halted by annexation of Korea in 1910. Since 1980s the South Korean historians have been largely denying validity of the theory.